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James Earl Carter, Jr.

39th President of the United States
(January 20, 1977 to January 20, 1981)

Nickname: "Jimmy"

Born: October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia

Father: James Earl Carter
Mother: Lillian Gordy Carter
Married: Eleanor Rosalynn Smith (1928- ), on July 7, 1946
Children: John William "Jack" Carter (1947- ); James Earl "Chip" Carter III (1950- ); Donnel Jeffrey "Jeff" Carter (1952- ); Amy Lynn Carter (1967- )

Religion: Baptist
Education: Graduated from U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. (1946)
Occupation: Farmer, public official
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:

  • Georgia State Senator, 1963-66

  • Governor of Georgia, 1971-75

Presidential Salary: $200,000/year + $50,000 expense account

Presidential Election Results:



Popular Votes

Electoral Votes


James E. Carter, Jr.




tiny U.S. flag Gerald R. Ford




tiny U.S. flag Ronald Reagan




tiny U.S. flag Ronald Reagan




James E. Carter, Jr.




John B. Anderson



Vice President: Walter F. Mondale (1977-81)


Secretary of State

Cyrus R. Vance (1977-80)

Edmund S. Muskie (1980-81)

Secretary of the Treasury

W. Michael Blumenthal (1977-79)

G. William Miller (1979-81)

Secretary of Defense

Harold Brown (1977-81)

Attorney General

Griffin B. Bell (1977-79)

Benjamin R. Civiletti (1979-81)

Secretary of the Interior

Cecil D. Andrus (1977-81)

Secretary of Agriculture

Robert S. Bergland (1977-81)

Secretary of Commerce

Juanita M. Kreps (1977-79)

Philip Klutznick (1979-81)

Secretary of Labor

F. Ray Marshall (1977-81)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Joseph A. Califano, Jr. (1977-79)

Patricia R. Harris (1979-80)

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Patricia R. Harris (1980-81)

Secretary of Education

Shirley Hufstedler (1980-81)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Patricia R. Harris (1977-79)

Moon Landrieu (1979-81)

Secretary of Transportation

Brock Adams (1977-79)

Neil E. Goldschmidt (1979-81)

Secretary of Energy

James R. Schlesinger (1977-79)

Charles W. Duncan, Jr. (1979-81)

Notable Events:

Internet Biographies:

Jimmy Carter -- from The Presidents of the United States of America

Compiled by the White House.

Jimmy Carter -- from Table of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States - MSN Encarta

Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by Robert J. Huckshorn of Florida Atlantic University, along with suggestions for further reading.

Jimmy Carter -- from The American President

From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.

Jimmy Carter -- from the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library

A brief overview of Carter's life, including publications and family history. Photographs are also included.

Jimmy Carter -- from Character Above All

From a PBS broadcast of the same name, this essay excerpt by Hendrik Hertzberg discusses some of the issues and events that molded Carter.

Carter's Place in History Still Being Written -- from The Daily Beacon

Written by Michael R. Giaimo for the University of Tennessee -- Knoxville student newspaper in 1994, this article addresses some of the challenges of the Carter administration and speculates on history's final evaluation.

Jimmy Carter's Presidency -- from From Revolution to Reconstruction

An brief examination of the Carter presidency's highlights and lowlights.

Historical Documents:

Inaugural Address (1977)
Framework of Peace in the Middle East (1978)
Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty Between Egypt and Israel (1978)

Media Resources:

From his 1979 State of the Union address: "Will our children (in the 21st century) enjoy a better quality of life?" (0:57)

RealAudio | MP3 (455K)

From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University under the leadership of Dr. Maurice Crane.

Audio & Video
The American Presidency Project's Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Jimmy Carter site

Other Internet Resources:

Carter Center

A public policy institute founder by Carter in 1982. Located in Atlanta, Georgia, current interviews, speeches, and opinions by Mr. and Mrs. Carter, as well as news, programs, and tour information are available.

Jimmy Carter National Historic Site

Tourist information on the Carter residence, boyhood home, high school and visitor center in Plains, Georgia.




James "Jimmy" Carter

39th President of the United States
(January 20, 1977 to January 20, 1981)


Rosalynn Carter