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John Quincy Adams

6th President of the United States
(March 4, 1825 to March 3, 1829)

Nickname: "Old Man Eloquent"

Born: July 11, 1767, in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts
Died: February 23, 1848, in Washington, D.C.

Father: tiny U.S. flag John Adams
Mother: Abigail Smith Adams
Married: Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852), on July 26, 1797
Children: George Washington Adams (1801-29); John Adams (1803-34); Charles Francis Adams (1807-86); Louisa Catherine Adams (1811-12)

Religion: Unitarian
Education: Graduated from Harvard College (1787)
Occupation: Lawyer
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Other Government Positions:

  • Secretary to U.S. Minister to Russia, 1781

  • Minister to the Netherlands, 1794

  • Minister to Prussia, 1797-1801

  • United States Senator, 1803-08

  • Minister to Russia, 1809-11

  • Peace Commissioner at Treaty of Ghent, 1814

  • Secretary of State, 1817-25 (under tiny U.S. flag Monroe)

  • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1831-48

Presidential Salary: $25,000/year

Presidential Election Results:



Popular Votes

Electoral Votes


tiny U.S. flagJames Monroe




John Q. Adams




(Votes Not Cast)




John Q. Adams




tiny U.S. flag Andrew Jackson




Henry Clay




William H. Crawford




tiny U.S. flag Andrew Jackson




John Q. Adams



Vice President: John C. Calhoun (1825-29)


Secretary of State

Henry Clay (1825-1829)

Secretary of the Treasury

Richard Rush (1825-29)

Secretary of War

James Barbour (1825-28)

Peter B. Porter (1828)

Attorney General

William Wirt (1825-29)

Secretary of the Navy

Samuel L. Southard (1825-29)

Notable Events:

  • 1825

    • The appointment of Henry Clay as secretary of state, led to charges that the Clay and Adams made a bargain in the election of 1824.

    • Erie Canal completed.

  • 1828

    • Baltimore & Ohio railroad, the first designed for passengers and freight.

    • tiny U.S. flagAndrew Jackson defeated Adams.

Internet Biographies:

John Quincy Adams -- from The Presidents of the United States of America

Compiled by the White House.

John Quincy Adams -- from Table of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States - MSN Encarta

Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by John A. Schultz at the University of Southern California, along with suggestions for further reading.

John Quincy Adams -- from The American President

From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.

America's Christian Rulers: John Quincy Adams -- from Forerunner International

Biography of Adams from a Christian viewpoint. Choices made by Adams during his presidency were defended using the Bible. Quotations by Adams are included.

Historical Documents:

Inaugural Address (1825)
The Jubilee of the Constitution (1839)
Argument in the Amistad trial (1841)

Other Internet Resources:

Adams National Historical Site

The birthplace of John Quincy Adams and other notable Americans. From the National Park Service.

Points of Interest:

  • President Adams regularly swam nude in the Potomac River. Anne Royall, the first American professional journalist, knew of Adams' 5 A.M. swims. After being refused interviews with the president time after time, she went to the river, gathered his clothes and sat on them until she had her interview. Before this, no female had interviewed a president.

  • Adams was the first to be elected president without receiving either the most popular votes or the most votes of the electoral college.

  • He was the first president married abroad.

  • Adams was the first president to be photographed.

  • Adams is the only president to be elected to the House after his presidency.

  • One of his sons, George Washington Adams, died at the age of 28, an apparent suicide.




John Quincy Adams

6th President of the United States
(March 4, 1825 to March 3, 1829)


Louisa Adams