Back Up Next


Theodore Roosevelt

26th President of the United States
(September 14, 1901 to March 3, 1909)

Nicknames: "TR"; "Trust-Buster"; "Teddy"

Born: October 27, 1858, in New York, New York
Died: January 6, 1919, in Oyster Bay, New York

Father: Theodore Roosevelt
Mother: Martha Bulloch Roosevelt
Married: Alice Hathaway Lee (1861-1884), on October 27, 1880; Edith Kermit Carow (1861-1948), on December 2, 1886
Children: Alice Lee Roosevelt (1884-1980); Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (1887-1944); Kermit Roosevelt (1889-1943); Ethel Carow Roosevelt (1891-1977); Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt (1894-1979); Quentin Roosevelt (1897-1918)

Religion: Dutch Reformed
Education: Graduated from Harvard College (1880)
Occupation: Author, lawyer, public official
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:

  • Member of New York State Assembly, 1882-84

  • Member of Civil Service Commission, 1889-95

  • Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1895-97

  • Governor of New York, 1898-1900

  • Vice President, 1901 (under tiny U.S. flag McKinley)

Presidential Salary: $50,000/year

Presidential Election Results:



Popular Votes

Electoral Votes


Theodore Roosevelt




Alton B. Parker




tiny U.S. flagWoodrow Wilson




Theodore Roosevelt




tiny U.S. flagWilliam H. Taft



Vice President: Charles Warren Fairbanks (1905-09)


Secretary of State

John M. Hay (1901-05)

Elihu Root (1905-09)

Robert Bacon(1909)

Secretary of the Treasury

Lyman J. Gage (1901-02)

Leslie M. Shaw (1902-07)

George B. Cortelyou (1907-09)

Secretary of War

Elihu Root (1901-04)

tiny U.S. flag William H. Taft (1904-08)

Luke E. Wright (1908-09)

Attorney General

Philander C. Knox (1901-04)

William H. Moody (1904-06)

Charles J. Bonaparte (1906-09)

Postmaster General

George B. Cortelyou (1905-07)

George von L. Meyer (1907-09)

Secretary of the Navy

James D. Long (1901-02)

William H. Moody (1902-04)

Paul Morton (1904-05)

Charles J. Bonaparte (1905-06)

Victor H. Metcalf (1906-08)

Truman H. Newberry (1908-09)

Secretary of the Interior

Ethan A. Hitchcock (1901-07)

James R. Garfield (1907-09)

Secretary of Agriculture

James Wilson (1901-1909)

Secretary of Commerce and Labor

George B. Cortelyou (1903-04)

Victor H. Metcalf (1904-06)

Oscar S. Straus (1906-09)

Notable Events:

Internet Biographies:

Theodore Roosevelt -- from The Presidents of the United States of America

Compiled by the White House.

Theodore Roosevelt -- from Table of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States - MSN Encarta

Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by William H. Harbaugh of the University of Virginia, along with suggestions for further reading.

Theodore Roosevelt: A Brief Biography -- by Tweed Roosevelt

Written by his great-grandson and hosted by the Theodore Roosevelt Association, this biography includes links to additional documents to expand upon topics in TR's life.

Theodore Roosevelt -- from The American President

From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.

Theodore Roosevelt -- from People in THE WEST

Based on the documentary THE WEST by Ken Burns and Stephen Ives, this biographical sketch focuses on Roosevelt's love of the West and all things Western.

Historical Documents:

Ranch Life and the Hunting-Trail (1888)
Inaugural Address (1905)
Letter to Sir Edward Grey on World War I (1915)

Media Resources:

From a speech where he explains why the bosses oppose the Progressive Party. (1:20)

RealAudio | MP3 (629K)

From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University under the leadership of Dr. Maurice Crane.

Other Internet Resources:

Mount Rushmore

Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, the faces of tiny U.S. flag Washington, tiny U.S. flag Jefferson, tiny U.S. flag Lincoln and Teddy Roosevelt stand 60 feet tall.

Sagamore Hill National Historic Site

The Oyster Bay, New York home of Roosevelt from 1885 until his death. History and tourist information available.

Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site

A reconstruction of the New York, New York home where Roosevelt was born. History and tourist information available.

Theodore Roosevelt: Conservation as the Guardian of Democracy

An essay by Daniel Filler on the environmental stance of Roosevelt and the impact that stance had on the rest of the nation.

Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site

The Buffalo, New York location where Roosevelt took the oath of office after the death of tiny U.S. flag McKinley.

Theodore Roosevelt National Park

Located in the Badlands of North Dakota, Roosevelt first visited this area in 1883 and loved it. Now a National Park, there are many activities for the outdoor enthusiast.

Points of Interest:




Theodore Roosevelt

26th President of the United States
(September 14, 1901 to March 3, 1909)


Edith Roosevelt