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Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States
(March 4, 1913 to March 3, 1921)

Nickname: "Schoolmaster in Politics"

Born: December 28, 1856, in Staunton, Virginia
Died: February 3, 1924, in Washington, D.C.

Father: Joseph Ruggles Wilson
Mother: Jessie Janet Woodrow Wilson
Married: Ellen Louise Axson (1860-1914), on June 24, 1885; Edith Bolling Galt (1872-1961), on December 18 , 1915
Children: Margaret Woodrow Wilson (1886-1944); Jessie Woodrow Wilson (1887-1933); Eleanor Randolph Wilson (1889-1967)

Religion: Presbyterian
Education: Graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) (1879)
Occupation: Teacher, public official
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:

  • Governor of New Jersey, 1911-13

Presidential Salary: $75,000/year

Presidential Election Results:



Popular Votes

Electoral Votes


Woodrow Wilson




tiny U.S. flagTheodore Roosevelt




tiny U.S. flagWilliam H. Taft




Woodrow Wilson




Charles Evans Hughes



Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall (1913-21)


Secretary of State

William J. Bryan (1913-15)

Robert Lansing (1915-20)

Bainbridge Colby (1920-21)

Secretary of the Treasury

William G. McAdoo (1913-18)

Carter Glass (1918-20)

David F. Houston (1920-21)

Secretary of War

Lindley M. Garrison (1913-16)

Newton D. Baker (1916-21)

Attorney General

James C. McReynolds (1913-14)

Thomas W. Gregory (1914-19)

Alexander M. Palmer (1919-21)

Postmaster General

Albert S. Burleson (1913-21)

Secretary of the Navy

Josephus Daniels (1913-21)

Secretary of the Interior

Franklin K. Lane (1913-20)

John B. Payne (1920-21)

Secretary of Agriculture

David F. Houston (1913-20)

Edwin T. Meredith (1920-21)

Secretary of Commerce

William C. Redfield (1913-19)

Joshua W. Alexander (1919-21)

Secretary of Labor

William B. Wilson (1913-21)

Notable Events:

  • 1914-1918

    • World War I

Internet Biographies:

Woodrow Wilson -- from The Presidents of the United States of America

Compiled by the White House.

Woodrow Wilson -- from Table of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States - MSN Encarta

Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by Arthur S. Link, Professor of History and Director of the Woodrow Wilson Papers at Princeton University, along with suggestions for further reading.

Woodrow Wilson -- from The American President

From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.

Historical Documents:

First Inaugural Address (1913)
Second Inaugural Address (1917)
Declaration of Neutrality (1914)
First Warning to the Germans (1915)
First Lusitania Note to Germany (1915)
Protest to Germany (1915)
On the Sussex Case (1916)
War Message (1917)
Fourteen Points Speech (1918)

Media Resources:

Speaking about democratic principles. (0:30)

RealAudio | MP3 (289K)

From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University under the leadership of Dr. Maurice Crane.

Other Internet Resources:

Woodrow Wilson Birthplace and Museum

This Staunton, Virginia site contains tourist information and a virtual tour of the home where Wilson was born. Wilson's 1919 Pierce-Arrow Limousine is the jewel of the museum's collection.

Woodrow Wilson Boyhood Home

The Columbia, South Carolina home where Wilson grew up from 1870-74.

Woodrow Wilson House

Tourist information and history of the Washington, D.C. house where Wilson lived from 1920 until his death.




Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States
(March 4, 1913 to March 3, 1921)


Ellen Wilson